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America's Most Productive Photographers
During the Carte-de-Visite Period

The following list of over 200 photographers represent those with the most common back-marks. The list is derived from the 62,604 photographs in the Darrah CDV collection. Together they represent 13,493 photographs or 21.6% of the total -- but that collection includes cards from other countries, and we have only included photographers from the USA here. There were 55,188 photographs from the USA, so these photographers were responsible for slightly over 24%, or nearly one-fourth of all American images in the collection.

Of course this list is not perfect, sometimes when collecting CDVs we come across a large number of photos from one photographer, even though that photographer did not produce a great number of images -- so a few of these may not belong here. Also, with very popular photographers, there were often frequent changes in the format of the name (Anthony, E Anthony, E & H T Anthony, etc. ) -- and our program that extracted these names from the database was not sophisticated enought to recognize all the variations as referring to the same company, or (especially when only the last name was used) distinguish between studios having the same name. Still, overall, this is a pretty good approximation of America's most productive CDV makers.

  • W. H. Abbott (Little Falls, New York)
  • A. E. Alden (Springfield, Massachusetts) (Saratoga Springs, New York) (Troy, New York) (Providence, Pennsylvania) (New York, New York) (Pittsfield, Massachusetts)
  • E. & H. T. Anthony (New York, New York)
  • L. A. Atwood (Burlington, Vermont) (Cambridge, Vermont)
  • W. J. Baker (Buffalo, New York) (Utica, New York)
  • Barker & Bulkley (Galesburg, Illinois)
  • G. W. Barnes (Rockford, Illinois)
  • J. C. Batchelder (Nashua, New Hampshire)
  • H. L. Bixby (Chelsea, Orange Co., Vermont) (Burlington, Vermont) (South Royalton / Brookfield, Vermont)
  • J. W. Black (Boston, Massachusetts) (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • Black & Case (Boston, Massachusetts) (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • Bonta & Curtis (Syracuse, New York)
  • F. A. Bowman (New Haven, Connecticut)
  • J. J. Boynton (Clinton, Massachusetts)
  • Bradley (San Francisco, California)
  • Matthew Brady (New York, New York) (Washington, DC)
  • Brand (Chicago, Illinois)
  • E. T. Brigham (Lowell, Massachusetts) (Dover, New Hampshire) (Lebanon, New Hampshire)
  • Broadbent & Co. (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Broadbent & Phillips (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • H. C. Brown (Norwich, New York)
  • J. R. Brown (Morrison, Illinois) (Morristown, Illinois) (Geneseo, Illinois) (Berlin, Wisconsin)
  • S. B. Brown (Providence, Rhode Island) (Providence, Rhode island)
  • Bundy & Williams (New Haven, Connecticut) (Middletown, Connecticut)
  • T. R. Burnham (Portland, Maine) (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • D. T. Burrell (Bridgewater, Massachusetts) (Brockton, Massachusetts) (North Bridgewater, Massachusetts)
  • S. L. Buser (Warren, Illinois)
  • Bushby & Hart (Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • W. R. Call (Manchester, New Hampshire)
  • J. Carbutt (Chicago, Illinois)
  • C. G. Carleton (Waterville, Maine)
  • J. M. Chase (Newburyport, Massachusetts)
  • D. Clark (New Brunswick, New Jersey)
  • Lyman W. Colby (Manchester, New Hampshire)
  • L. W. Cook (Boston, Massachusetts) (Weymouth, Massachusetts)
  • Cowell (New Haven, Connecticut)
  • G. P. Critcherson (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • E. Crockett (Rockland, Maine)
  • Crosby (Lewiston, Maine)
  • A. B. Cross (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • H. G. Cross (Palmer, Massachusetts) (Monson, Massachusetts)
  • Curtis & Crosby (Lewiston, Maine)
  • E. R. Curtiss (Madison, Wisconsin)
  • A. F. Daniels (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • B. L. H. Dabbs (Allegheny City (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania)
  • Davis Bros. (Portsmouth, New Hampshire)
  • R. S. De Lamater (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • O. B. De Morat (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • S. L. Dellinger (Marietta, Pennsylvania)
  • Draper & Husted (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • A. P. Drew (Dover, New Hampshire)
  • A. K. Drury (Le Roy, New York)
  • E. S Dunshee (Boston, Massachusetts) (New Bedford, Massachusetts) (Rochester, New York) (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) (Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • A. B. Eaton (Lowell, Massachusetts) (Nashua, New Hampshire) (Manchester, New Hampshire) (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • W. L. Edwards (Ashland, Ohio)
  • M. W. Emerson (Lowell, Massachusetts)
  • S. M. Fassett (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Finch (Lebanon, Ohio)
  • Finley & Sons (Canandaigua, New York)
  • Fitton (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • F. Forshew (Hudson, New York)
  • Foss (Boston, Massachusetts) (Dover, New Hampshire)
  • C. D. Fredricks & Co. (New York, New York)
  • G. W. Freeman (Charlestown, Massachusetts) (Malden Centre, Massachusetts)
  • French & Sawyer (Keene, New Hampshire)
  • Frank Z. Fritz (Lambertville, New Jersey)
  • D. O. Furnald (Manchester, New Hampshire)
  • C. C. Gardner (Bristol, New Hampshire) (Great Falls, New Hampshire)
  • Gehrig (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Gentile (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Gilbert & Bacon (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • J. R. Gorgas (Madison, Indiana)
  • G. N. Granniss (Waterbury, Connecticut)
  • J. Gurney & Son (New York City, New York) (Pawtucket, Rhode Island)
  • F. Gutekunst (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • A. B. Hamor (Lawrence, Massachusetts) (Salisbury, Massachusetts)
  • Hardie & Schadee (Northampton, Massachusetts)
  • Hardy (Boston, Massachusetts) (Springfield, Massachusetts)
  • Hardy & Van Arnam (Troy, New York)
  • A. N. Hardy (Boston, Massachusetts) (Bucksport, Maine) (Rocksport, Maine)
  • Hartley (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Hastings (Davenport, Iowa)
  • Augustus Hatch (Bath, Maine)
  • W. R. Hawkes (East Boston, Massachusetts) (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • D. Hinkle (Germantown (Philadelphia), Pennsylvania)
  • C. O. Hodgman (Malden, Massachusetts)
  • Chas. D. Holmes (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • E. A. Holton (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • C. L. Howe (Brattleboro, Vermont) (Brattleford, Vermont)
  • Howell (New York City, New York)
  • J. W. Hurn (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • H. W. Immke (Princeton, Illinois)
  • I. G. Owens (Newton, New Jersey)
  • S. S. Johnston (Polo, Illinois)
  • Jordan & Co. (Late Bogardus) (New York City, New York)
  • Keely (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • J. H. Kent (Rochester, New York) (Brockport, New York)
  • A. W. Kimball (Augusta, Maine) (Richmond, Maine) (Manchester, New Hampshire)
  • Kimball Bros. (Fitchburg, Massachusetts) (Lowell, Massachusetts) (Concord, New Hampshire) (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • W. G. C. Kimball (Concord, New Hampshire)
  • M. F. King (Portland, Maine)
  • J. Kirk (Newark, New Jersey)
  • R. Knecht (Easton, Pennsylvania)
  • Knight's Gallery (Batavia, New York) (Buffalo, New York)
  • W. M. Knight (Buffalo, New York)
  • Knowlton Bros. (Northampton, Massachusetts)
  • W. Kurtz (New York City, New York)
  • Isaac S. Lachman (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) (Pottstown, Pennsylvania)
  • J. H. Lamson (Portland, Maine)
  • Frank Lawrence (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • Leaman & Lee (Reading, Pennsylvania) (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Le Rue Lemer (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
  • C. E. Lewis (Lebanon, New Hampshire)
  • R. A. Lewis (New York City, New York)
  • R. B. Lewis (Feltonville, Massachusetts) (Hudson, Massachusetts)
  • Chas. H. Lindsey (Nashua, New Hampshire)
  • Benj. Lochman (Allentown, Pennsylvania)
  • Locke (Athol, Massachusetts) (Clinton, Massachusetts) (Lyme, New Hampshire)
  • G. H. Loomis (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • R. A. Lord (New York City, New York)
  • J. L. Lovell (Amherst, Massachusetts)
  • H. P. Macintosh (Newburyport, Massachusetts)
  • Mahan & Keller (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Manchester Bros (Providence, Rhode Island)
  • A. Marshall (Boston, Massachusetts) (Newton, Massachusetts)
  • Z. P. McMillen (Red Oak, Iowa) (Galesburg, Illinois) (Newark, Ohio)
  • Melander & Bro. (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Metcalf & Welldon (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • Moore Brothers (Springfield, Massachusetts)
  • Morrill (Lowell, Massachusetts)
  • H. Q. Morton (Providence, Rhode Island)
  • J. C. Moulton (Fitchburg, Massachusetts)
  • Mumper & Co. (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
  • John F. Nice (Lewisburg, Pennsylvania) (Williamsport, Pennsylvania)
  • E. B. Nock (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • F. E. North (Rockville, Connecticut) (Waltham, Massachusetts) (Norwalk, Connecticut) (Middletown, Connecticut)
  • W. C. North (Utica, New York) (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • H. Noss (New Brighton, Pennsylvania)
  • C. L. Obst (Pittsfield, Illinois)
  • Pach Bros. (New York, New York)
  • Packard (Kalamazoo, Michigan)
  • Geo. F. Parlow (New Bedford, Massachusetts)
  • J. K. Patch (Shelburne Falls, Massachusetts)
  • Patton & Dietrich (Reading, Pennsylvania)
  • Pentz (York, Pennsylvania)
  • Plummer (Wheeling, West Virginia)
  • B. F. Popkins (Greenfield, Massachusetts)
  • J. H. & C. E. Porter (Waukegan, Illinois)
  • Benjamin F. Powelson (Detroit, Michigan) (Auburn, New York) (Buffalo, New York) (Rochester, New York)
  • D. C. Pratt (Aurora, Illinois)
  • Prescott & Gage (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • Prescott & White (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • E. J. Randall (Boston, Massachusetts) (Reading, Massachusetts) (Wakefield, Massachusetts)
  • H. J. Reed (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • B. F. Reimer (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Rhoads (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • G. C. Robinson (Haverhill, Massachusetts) (Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • W. A. Robinson (Chicago, Illinois) (Toledo, Ohio)
  • H. Rocher (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Rockwood (Toledo, Ohio) (New York City, New York)
  • Rodgers (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • E. G. Rollins (Gloucester, Massachusetts) (Lebanon, New Hampshire)
  • Frank Rowell (Boston, Massachusetts) (Providence, Rhode Island)
  • Ryder (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • A. F. Salisbury (Pawtucket, Rhode Island)
  • N. C. Sanborn (Lowell, Massachusetts)
  • Napoleon Sarony (New York, New York)
  • E. E. Sawtelle (Biddeford, Maine)
  • Chas. A. Saylor (Reading, Pennsylvania)
  • A. J. Schillare (Northampton, Massachusetts)
  • John Schofield (Frankford, Pennsylvania) (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Scholten (St. Louis, Missouri)
  • G. H. Scripture (Peterboro, New Hampshire)
  • Silsbee (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • D. A. Simons (Manchester, New Hampshire)
  • Smith & Bousley (Boston, Massachusetts) (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • A. H. Smith (Salem, Massachusetts) (Lima, New York)
  • S. B. Smith (Marshall, Michigan) (Newville, Pennsylvania) (Honeoye, New York)
  • A. Sonrel (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • F. M. Spencer (Mansfield, Pennsylvania) (Mansfield, Tioga, Pennsylvania)
  • D. B. Spooner & Co. (Springfield, Massachusetts)
  • J. C. Spooner (Springfield, Massachusetts)
  • Stanley (Lewiston, Maine) (Auburn, Maine) (Ithaca, New York)
  • T. P. Stiff (Brockton, Massachusetts)
  • Suddards & Fennemore (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • P. W. Taft (Bellows Falls, Vermont) (Saxton's River, Vermont)
  • Taylor & Preston (Salem, Massachusetts)
  • S. Towle with G. C. Gilchrest (Lowell, Massachusetts)
  • C. H. Townsend (Willimantic, Connecticut) (Southbridge, Massachusetts)
  • Jas. W. Turner (Boston, Massachusetts) (Meridian, Mississippi) (Mobile, Alabama) (Marion Alabama)
  • W. C. Tuttle (Belfast, Maine)
  • Tyler (Easton, Pennsylvania)
  • J. W. Upham (Jamestown, New York)
  • D. B. Vickery (Haverhill, Massachusetts)
  • S. H. Waite (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • Ward (Fall River, Massachusetts) (North Adams, Massachusetts) (Taunton, Massachusetts)
  • W. Shaw Warren (Boston, Massachusetts) (Chicago, Illinois)
  • W. A. Webster (Waltham, Massachusetts)
  • Henry M. Wells (Cambridge, New York)
  • Wenderoth (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Whipple (Valparaiso, Indiana) (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • J. M. White (Port Huron, Michigan) (East Randolph, New York)
  • W. M. Wires (Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • L. B. Williams (Utica, New York)
  • E. L. Willis (Milford, Massachusetts)
  • W. E. G. Worthley (Lewiston, Maine)
  • S. Webster Wyman (Woburn, Massachusetts)
  • F. M. Yeager (Reading, Pennsylvania)
  • J. S. Young (Steubenville, Ohio) (Washington, Pennsylvania)




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